Sunday, January 5, 2020

Drug Testing is Not a Violation of Individual Rights Essay

Every day companies lose millions of dollars due to employee drug use. Athletes break world records with gargantuan strength, but not on a fair scale. Drugs ruin the lives of users and cause injury to those who must work with users. Detection by officials is necessary to curb this problem. When does the safety for others violate the rights of drug users? Drug testing, whether in the workplace or on the athletic field, is not a violation of civil rights. In 1988, the National Institute on Drug Abuse estimated that 12 percent of full-time employed Americans between the ages of 20 and 40 used an illicit drug (Goldburg 62). Twenty percent of the 14.5 million Americans who use drugs are employed. This fact has convinced many that†¦show more content†¦Among high school seniors entering the work force, the levels of drug use were even higher; in 1988, 18 percent reported current use of marijuana and three percent use of cocaine (Goldburg 62). Drug use among workers costs companies anywhere from $50 to $100 billion a year in lost man hours, damaged or destroyed equipment and property, increased insurance premiums, legal fees, and lost efficiency (Zigarelli 77). The answer is drug testing. Drug testing is a simple, cost-effective technique for increasing the safety of others. Tested groups have included military personnel . . . state employees (especially those who involved in law enforcement and transportation), high school and collegiate athletes . . . (Levy 158). Drug tests are correct 99 percent of the time (Zigarelli 78). Richard Wornsnop explains the average drug test: In the first stage of testing, a sample of urine is injected into a heated test tube that vaporizes the liquid into its chemical components. Each substance takes a characteristic amount of time to reach the bottom of the tube, affording an opportunity for preliminary analysis. 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